A retaining wall is a structure designed and constructed to resist the lateral pressure of soil, when there is a desired change in ground elevation that exceeds the angle of repose of the soil.
A basement wall is thus one kind of retaining wall. The term usually refers to a cantilever retaining wall, which is a freestanding structure without lateral support at its top. These are cantilevered from a footing and rise above the grade on one side to retain a higher level grade on the opposite side. The walls must resist the lateral pressures generated by loose soils or, in some cases, water pressures.
The most important consideration in proper design and installation of retaining walls is to recognize and counteract the tendency of the retained material to move downslope due to gravity. This creates lateral earth pressure behind the wall which depends on the angle of internal friction and the cohesive strength of the retained material, as well as the direction and magnitude of movement the retaining structure undergoes.
We design Retaining walls of all sizes for all sorts of uses.
Adam responded to my request to check the cracks in our 40 year old brick veneer. His inspection was far more comprehensive than I had expected and I was very impressed by the level of care and attention detail. Adam listened to my concerns and I felt that he understood that I was unclear about what needed to be prioritised in terms of repairs. After his inspection, Adam provided good explanation the issues that clarified the state of the house. I am now able to go ahead with the renovations with much greater degree of confidence. We are very grateful to Adam and his team. I highly recommend Melbourne Civil and Structural Engineers.Julia Timson - Melton West - VIC